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古代人的冬天怎么熬过去?那可是没羽绒服、没冲锋衣时代啊

文章来源:未知人气:发表时间:2019-02-28 12:18:18

[导读]:“送寒衣”也会送给父母亲人等。“孟姜女哭长城”正是由于孟姜女给丈夫送寒衣而发生的。“寄衣”其实也是表达相思之情的重要意象。“慈母手中线,游子身上衣,临行密密缝,意恐迟迟归

博电竞   RUWOMENSHUXIDESHIJU“ZHUMENGOUROUCHOU,LUYOUDONGSIGU”SUOSHUODE,HANDONGSHIGURENYIDAOHENDADEKAN。QIHOUDEBIANHUAYESHITUIJINLISHIDEYIZHIKANBUJIANDESHOU,SHENGSHIWANGWANGBANSUIZHEQIHOUWENNUAN、NONGYEFANSHENG。WOGUOLISHISHANGCENGFASHENGGUOYICIFEICHANGZHONGYAODEJINGJIZHONGXINNANYI,YOUXUEZHEZHICHU,CHULEZHANLUANYINSU,YEYUQIHOUBIANHUAERDAOZHINANFANGWENNUANSHIRUNGENGSHIYIGENGZHONGDAOMI、SHIYIJUZHUYOUGUAN;CIWAI,YEYOUXUEZHEYANJIUFAXIAN,ZHONGGUOZHANZHENGPINFANDESHIQIWANGWANGDOUSHIHANLENGQI。

  KEJIAN,LENGSHIYIJIANDUOMEKEPADESHIERA!

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

  那么古人怎么在穿着上保暖,从而安然过冬呢?

寄衣,也是寄相思、寄温暖

  ZHONGGUOYOUXUDUO“GUIJIE”,QIZHONGSHIYUECHUYINEIGEYOUCHENGHANYIJIE,TAYUSHIZHEHANDONGJIJIANGDAOLAI。QIZHONGYIXIANGHENZHONGYAODEXISUSHI“SONGHANYI”,JIUSHIJISIQUDEQINRENSHAOMINGYI,KEJIANDUIYUHANLENGDEDANYOUSHENSHENKERULEGURENDESHENGHUO。

  “SONGHANYI”YEHUISONGJIFUMUQINRENDENG。“MENGJIANGNVKUZHANGCHENG”ZHENGSHIYOUYUMENGJIANGNVJIZHANGFUSONGHANYIERFASHENGDE。“JIYI”QISHIYESHIBIAODAXIANGSIZHIQINGDEZHONGYAOYIXIANG。“CIMUSHOUZHONGXIAN,YOUZISHENSHANGYI,LINXINGMIMIFENG,YIKONGCHICHIGUI”JIUSHIYISHOUFEICHANGDIANXINGDE“JIYI”SHI。“JIYI”DUOYU“SHUBIAN”YOUGUAN,YOUYUWOGUOZHANLUANWEIXIEWANGWANGLAIZIYUXIBEIZHEIYANGDEKUHANZHIDI,SUOYI“JIYI”QISHIJIUSHIJIXIANGSI、JIWENNUAN。

博电竞   YOUYU“JIYI”HAICENGFASHENGGUOYIZEQITAN。TANGCHAOKAIYUANNIANJIAN,TANGXUANZONGMINGGONGRENWEIBIANJUNZHI“KUANGYI”,JIEGUOYOUSHIBINGZAIPAOZHONGFAXIANYISHOUXIAOSHI:“SHACHANGZHENGSHUKE,HANKURUOWEIMIAN。ZHANPAOJINGSHOUZUO,ZHILUOASHEIBIAN?XUYIDUOTIANXIAN,HANQINGGENGZHUMIAN。JINSHENGYIGUOYE,JIEQUHOUSHENGYUAN。”SHIBINGJIANGCISHIGAOZHIYUANSHUAI,YUANSHUAIBINGGAOXUANZONG,XUANZONGJIANGSHIBIANSHIHOUGONG,YOUYIGONGRENZICHENGWANSIRENLINGLECISHI,XUANZONGBIANBIANRANGTAYUSHIBINGJIECHENGYINYUAN。ZHEISHOUSHIHOULAIBEIRENCHENGZUO《PAOZHONGSHI》。

  ZHEILIDE“KUANGYI”YU“PAO”ZHIDEDOUSHIYOUTIANCHONGWUDEYIFU,QUBIEZAIYU,“PAO”YONGMALEIXIANWEI,“KUANG”ZEXUDESHISIMIAN(SIMIANSHICANSIZHIPIN,SIMIANAOXIANZAIYEMAIDEDAO)。ZHISUOYIBUSHIWOMENSHUXIDEMIANHUA,SHIYINWEIMIANHUAJINGUANYOUJIZAIDEZHONGZHIBUSUANWAN,DANZAIWOGUOPUBIANZHONGZHIDESHIJIANQUEYAODAOLEMINGCHAOHOUQI,SUOYIGURENQISHISHIBUTAIYOU“MIANAO”CHUANDE。

以纸保暖

博电竞   MEIYOUMIANHUAKEYISAIDEGUREN,ZAIYIFULISAISHENMEDEDOUYOU,CHULESHANGMIANTIDAODESIMIANYIJIMAXU,HAIYOUBAJIAODENGZHEIYANGGENGWEILIEZHIDECAOMUXIANWEIDE“HE”,YIJIBENTUDE“MUMIAN”DENG。CAILIHEQUANLIJUEDINGLEGURENKEYIXUANZESHENMEYANGDETIANCHONGWU。

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

  木棉花与木棉絮

博电竞   CHULEZHEIXIEQIGUAIDETIANCHONGWU,HAIYOUGENGGUGUAIDE,NEIJIUSHIYONG“ZHI”。

  QISHIZHISHIYONGZHIWUXIANWEIZHIZAODEFEIBIANZHIWU,QIYUANLIAOBENSHENJIUGENQIANMIANTIDAODETIANCHONGWUYOUZHONGDIE,QIEZHIQISHIZHIDIJIANREN(XIANZAIYOUHENDUOSHEJIPINPAIYONGZHIZUOBAO,QISHIHENNAIYONG),KEDANGHANFENG,ZHONGDIANSHIZAOJIAYEBIANYI。ZHEIJIUXIANG“ZHAN”,ZHANSHIYONGYANGMAOHUOQITANIAOSHOUDEMAOWEIYUANLIAO,ZHIZUOCHENGFEIBIANZHIDEPIANZHUANGWU,TADEJIAGEDIYUPICAO,DANSHIBAONUANHEXIAOYONGQUEYIDIANYEBUXUNSE。

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

  ZHIYI、ZHIBEIZUIZAOJIANJIZAIYUTANGDAI,DAOLELIANGSONGSHENZHILIUXINGDAOLEWENRENZHIJIAN。LUYOUJIUXIEGUOYISHOU《XIEZHUYUANHUIJIZHIBEI》DESHIER,ERZHEIWEIZHUYUANHUIJIUSHIZHUXI。ZHIBEIDAODIYOUSHAHAONI?TANGDAISHIRENXUYINZHUANMENXIELEYIPIAN《ZHIBEI》KUATA:“YICHUANGMINGYUEGAIGUIMENG,SHUCHIBAIYUNLONGLENGMIAN。PIDUIJINGFENGWENSHENGJIU,YONGTINGHANYUNUANYUMIAN。”ERZAILUYOULINGYISHOUSHILIGENGSHIJILEHENGAODEPINGJIA“BAIYUHUYENUANYUMIAN”。

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

楮纸,楮树皮制作的纸张

  ZHEILIDEZHIDUOCHONGDANGBUDEJIAOSE,SUOYIYIBANXUANZETENGZHI、CHUZHIZHEIYANGGUANGJIEYOUNAIROUCUODEZHIZHANG。ZHIYILIMIANKEYITIANCHONGXU,BIANCHENGZHIAO,NEIMEZHENGTIDOUSHIZHIWUXIANWEIZUODE,XIANGDANG“LVSE”LE!YOUYUZIDAIQINGPINSECAI,SUOYIZHIYIZAISENGLVZHIZHONGYESHIFENPUBIAN。SIYUANDUOWEIYUSHENSHAN,YOUSHIQINGXIU,SUOYIZHIYI、ZHIBEISHIFEICHANGHAODEBAONUANYOUKESHOUJIELVDEXUANZE,SHENZHIHUIZAISHANGMIANSHUXIESHIJUZUOWEILEQU。

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

  日本江户时代的纸衣

“出风头”的裘皮衣服

  ZHIYIZHILEISUIRANYEYOUGUIJIANZHIFEN,DANSHIZONGSHIBIBUSHANGZHENZHENGDEQIUPIYIFULAIDEFUGUI。JINGUANSHIYONGSHOUPIZUOWEIBAONUANYIWUDEXUANZEFEICHANGYUANSHI,BINGQIEJIAGONGJISHUYEZAOYICHENGSHU,DANSHIYOUYUZHONGGUOYIZHISHIYINONGGENGWEIZHUDESHEHUI,SUOYIPICAODEYIFUBINGBUGUANGFANLIUXING。JIASHANGPICAOWANGWANGSHICONGBEIFANGDEYOUMUMINZUJINGONGERLAI,SUOYILIANGSHAOERJIAGAO。

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

  这个胡人正穿着有皮毛的衣服。图片来自陕西历史博物馆。

博电竞   MINGDAISHIQI,PICAOJIUJIHUBUBEIDANGZUOBAONUANPIN,ERSHIYIZHONGZHUANGDIANYONGDESHECHIPIN。JIBIANZAIJIANYUECHENGFENGDEMINGDAI,DIAOPIZHEIYANGYUYUESHENFENDEFUSHIDOUJIBENBUXUYAOCHAOTINGXIALINGJINZHI,YINWEISHIZAISHIHANYOU、NENGMAIDEQIDERENSHENFENYIBANBUDI。YOUYUPICAONANDE,SUOYITAGENGCHENGWEILEHUILUQUANCHENDEYINGTONGHUO,BEIZHEIXIEGUANYUANPUZAILEDISHANG、DIANZAIPIGUXIAZUOWEIXUANYAO。MINGMONUERHACHIQIBINGZHIHOU,PICAODESHULIANGJIUGENGJIASHAOLE。ZHENZHENGSHENGHUOZAIGAOHANDIQUDEPUTONGBAIXING,HAISHIHUIXUANZEGENGWEIJINGJISHIHUIDEYANGQIU,HUOZHESUIBIANYONGSHENMETIANCHULAIDEHOUAOZI。

博电竞   ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGDAOLEQINGDAIDEDAOLEGAISHAN,YILAISHITONGZHIJIECENGBENSHENJIUSHIYOUCHUANZHEQIUPIYUHANDEXIGUAN,ERLAIPICAODEHUOYUANWENDINGLE。SUOYIWOMENKAN《HONGLOUMENG》LIGEZHONGQIUPIYIFUDECHUCHANGJIUHENDUO。DANSHIDANGSHICHUANQIUPIYIFUDEXIGUANSHIJIANGMAOCHAOLICHUAN、MIANZISHANGSHIYONGSICHOULEIMIANLIAO,ZHIZAIYIFUDEBIANYUANLUCHUYIDIANPIMAODEBIANER,JIZENGTIANLEMEIGUAN,YOUXIANDEDIDIAO。JIRANYOULEZHEIZHONGSHEJI,DAJIAJIUDUOLEYIFENXINSI,JIANGHAOYIXIEDEMAOLIUZAIBIANYUANCHU,YEYOUTEDIPINSHANGHAOPIMAODE。ZHEIXIELUCHULAIDEMAOJIUBEICHENGWEI“CHUFENG”HUO“CHUFENG”,“CHUFENGTOU”ZHEIJUSUYUJIUSHIZHEIMELAIDE。

  

没棉袄、没羽绒服、没抓绒衣,古人穿什么熬过冬天?

 

博电竞   SHOUDONGDERENWANGWANGYESHOUPIN,SUOYIMEIFENGHANDONGZHENGFUJIUXUYAOCHUMIANJIUJI,FAFANGLIANGSHIHUOYIWU。QIANMIANTIDAODEZHIYI,JIUCENGSHIZHENGFUFAFANGDEWUZI。DUIYUWOMENLAISHUOZHISHIBAONUANDESHIER,DUIYUGURENLAISHUOKENENGJIUSHICUNWANGDASHILE。

  ZAIDONGJI,WUZIDEKUIFAHUIGENGJIAXIANLUCHULAI,BAIJUYIDE《MAITANWENG》LIXIE:“MAITANDEQIANHESUOYING?SHENSHANGYISHANGKOUZHONGSHI。KELIANSHENSHANGYIZHENGDAN,XINYOUTANJIANYUANTIANHAN。”BIANSHIZHEIZHONGMAODUNDETIXIAN,HANDONGWEIJISHENGCUN,DANSHIWEILESHENGCUNQUEQIYUANTIANGENGLENGYIDIAN。BIEWANGLEMAIHUOCHAIDEXIAONVHAIYESHISIZAILEDONGJI。

  NUANNUANDIHUOZHEDUOHAOA!RANERHULIQUEMEIYOUNUANQIDE……

  YISHANGNEIRONGLAIYUANYUWANGLUO,RUSHEJIBANQUANWENTI,QINGJISHILIANXIWOMENSHANCHU。